The following guidelines are useful when deciding what information you should cite.
The easiest way to avoid plagiarism in a speech or essay is to cite the source of your information. In Professor Rushing's speech class you are required to use APA Style. The following rules will explain when to cite:
Direct Quotations: When you use another author or speaker's exact words, they must be quoted and cited.
Ex1: As Davis (2005) stated , “Based on current evidence, there is reason to believe that human activity is having an effect on global climate changes” (p. 1811).
Paraphrasing or Summarizing: Summarizing or putting another speaker's thoughts or ideas into your own words still must be cited, giving credit to the original source.
Ex.2: Harris (2008) explained that the Presidential election will be influenced by the 18-24 year old voter demographic (p. 594).
Stating Statistics or Making Claims: Statistics should always be cited and making claims that could be challenged or questioned should be cited.
Ex. 3: Texting while driving is obviously more dangerous than drinking and driving (Bishop, 2009).