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Evidence-based Practice

Assess the Patient or Population

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When assessing the patient or population, a clinical, PICOT, or research question can arise from personal experience, observations about practice, or informed knowledge of your community.

If you are currently not working in a healthcare facility, the following resources might be of help:

  1. Reflect on something related to your current or future career goals. For example: is there a new technique/education program/equipment you would like to have implemented at work; do you have a personal area of interest that you would like to learn more about?
  2. Explore health-related concerns or factors that affect health in your community.
  • Explore your facility’s community health needs assessment (CHNA), which is “a state, tribal, local, or territorial health assessment that identifies key health needs and issues” (CDC, 2018). Most healthcare facilities provide access to their CHNA directly on their website.
    • You can search for and review for your facility’s (or local) community health needs assessment on Google and then review health-related concerns in your local area. Example search phrase: community health needs assessment Orlando Health.
    • Explore the 2019 Community Health Needs Assessment by Central Florida Community Collaborative which explores health concerns in Lake County, Orange County, Osceola County, and Seminole County.
  • Explore the ALICE: A Study of Financial Hardship in Florida (2020). ALICE® refers to the population in our communities that are Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed. The United Way ALICE Project reviews "ALICE population in the areas of education, income and health to build better lives."

  • The World Health Statistics 2021 report, “the World Health Organization’s (WHO) annual compilation of the most recent available data on health and health-related indicators for its 194 Member States. The 2021 edition features the latest data for 50+ health-related indicators from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and WHO Triple Billion targets.”


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018, July 24). Community health assessments & health improvement plans.

United Way of Florida. (n.d.). Ask me about ALICE.

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