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SPC 1608 (Dr. Pierre): Informative & Persuasive Speeches: Citation Overview

Why Cite?

Citation is used for several reasons:

  1. To give credit to your sources
  2. To differentiate your work from others'
  3. To increase your credibility as a speaker
  4. To help your audience find your source
  5. To avoid plagiarism

When to Cite your Source 

  • Quoting
  • Paraphrase
  • Use of unfamiliar, little-known information
  • Use of non-text sources

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Citation: Two Parts

Full Citations - the complete information about your sources.

In-Speech Citations 

  1. Verbal citations are included in the body of your speech. These provide a brief reference to your source and refer the listener to your full citation on your Works Cited (MLA) or References (APA) page. (In a paper, these would be in-text citations).
  2. Image citations are included on your visual aid. These also provide a brief reference to your source and refer the listener to your full citation on your Works Cited (MLA) or References (APA) page.

Citation Styles

Oral Citation Example