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Federated Freedom Struggles: Student Created Timeline

Honors Modern Western Civilizations Spring 2021

Timeline

1907: First Muslim organization created by Muslims Tartar immigrants from Poland, Russia and Lithuania called The American Mohammed Society in Brooklyn, NY

1929: Muslim farmers built one of the first American mosques in Ross, ND. The original mosque was destroyed in  1978 but the cemetery near the mosque where Muslims' remains were buried, still remained. In 2005, a mosque was rebuilt on the same land.

1934: The Muslim community of Cedar Rapids, Iowa created the first mosque SPECIFICALLY designed to be a mosque in the U.S known ad the "Mother Mosque" today.

1934: Elijah Muhammad becomes the leader of "The Lost-Found Nation of Islam in the Wilderness of North American" now known as "The Nation of Islam"

1940: The Nation of Islam established Temple No. 4 in Washington D.C., making the district's first Black Muslim temple

1957: The Islamic Center of Washington D.C., a mosque and Islamic cultural center, is created

1963: The Muslim Student Association is created on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Today, there are 50 chapters of the association in 25 cities which serve as a forum for Muslim students

1964: Malcom X leaves The Nation of Islam and created his own organization. He converted to a Sunni Muslim, made a pilgrimage to Mecca, and changed his name to El-Hajj Malik Al-Shabazz

1964: Boxer champion Cassius Clay joins The Nation of Islam and changes his name to Cassius X and then later to Muhammad Ali

1965: Malcom X was assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City

1975: Elijah Muhammad, leader of The Nation of Islam, dies and his son Warith Deen Muhammed takes leadership of the organization 

1991: Charles Bilal of Kountze, TX becomes the first Muslim mayor in America 

1993 -- Captain Abdul-Rasheed Muhammad is appointed as the first Muslim chaplain in the American military. 

1994: Three officers of the Islamic Association of Palestine establish the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR). The organization focuses on defending the civil rights of Muslims, challenging stereotypes of Islam and Muslims and training Muslims in media relations. 

2001 -- Middle Eastern terrorists launch attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, killing thousands of people. The attacks trigger a massive amount of hate and fear towards Muslims who were blamed for the attacks.