The Neurodiversity movement itself is sometimes considered controversial. The articles below give two perspectives on the issue.
Autism Speaks, one of the largest autism organizations in the United States and a major fundraiser for autism research, is considered a controversial organization by many in the autism community.
Temple Grandin is one of the world's best know autistic women and is honored for her advocacy and the attention she has brought to autism. At the same time, many consider her views controversial.
Applied Behavior Analysis or ABA is one of the most popular therapies for treating autistic children and is promoted by Autism Speaks. It is often criticized by autistic adults.
The book The Reason I Jump written by Naoki Higashida, a non-verbal autistic boy, brought the use of alphabet grids and letter boards into greater public awareness. These aids to communication are controversial, with some questioning their scientific validity.
Hans Asperger was a key figure in the history of autism and identified what used to be called "Asperger syndrome." Asperger syndrome has since been incorporated into the general definition of autism and is no longer considered a separate condition. In recent years, Hans Asperger's involvement with the Nazi party has been shown to be much greater than was previously thought, and he has become a much more polarizing figure.
The DSM is often considered controversial, and the March 2022 revisions are no exception.