Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

ENC 1101 (Coombes): MLA Citations

This guide is for students in Prof. Coombes' ENC1101 class who are researching the college student health and wellness, careers, or endangered species.

MLA Guides

Use the Library's MLA & APA Style Guides to help you properly format your written citations.

Indirect Sources

It is preferable to take material from the original source, but sometimes you must take information from an indirect source. An indirect source is essentially a quotation within a quotation. You consult a source and find that the author has quoted someone else. That someone else is an indirect source.

On the Works Cited page, you include a complete citation for the direct source. This will not mention the indirect source.

However, within the text of your paper you must indicate that your quotation or paraphrase comes from an indirect source, using qtd. in.

For example, "'The panther is being squeezed,' says NWF Senior Counsel John Kostyack" (qtd in Dupree).

Work Cited

Dupree, Joe. “Cat on a Collision Course.” National Wildlife, vol. 45, no. 3, Apr. 2007, pp. 22–30. EBSCOhost,

Subject Guide

The Valencia College libraries do not welcome solicitation of resources to be added to our LibGuides. This includes but is not limited to vendors, search engine optimizers, placement of ads, products, or any other requests. Our LibGuides are carefully curated resources developed in partnership with faculty, staff, and students to support specific assignments, courses, events, and other related purposes at Valencia College. The Valencia libraries reserve the right to ignore LibGuide resource solicitations, and/or block persistent requests from groups or individuals to add or promote links in our LibGuides.