The following guidelines are useful when deciding what information you should cite.
The easiest way to avoid plagiarism in is to cite the source of your information. In Professor Ciesko's class you are required to use APA Style. The following rules will explain when to cite:
Direct Quotations: When you use another author or speaker's exact words, they must be quoted and cited.
Ex1: As Davis (2005) stated , “One of the earliest and most important insights about conflict resolution is that it often requires finding 'integrative solutions,' (p. 1811).
Paraphrasing or Summarizing: Summarizing or putting another speaker's thoughts or ideas into your own words still must be cited, giving credit to the original source.
Ex.2: Harris (2008) explained that violence in Afghanistan, Bosnia, and Rwanda, have created a cycle of trauma across generations that can lead to future episodes of mass violence (p. 594).
Stating Statistics or Making Claims: Statistics should always be cited and making claims that could be challenged or questioned should be cited.
Ex. 3: The biggest impediment to peace in the Middle East is on the Palestinian side. (Bishop, 2009).