The following guidelines are useful when deciding what information you should cite.
Plagiarism is a term derived from the Latin word plagiarius (kidnapper). Webster's dictionary defines to plagiarize as: "to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own : use (another's production) without crediting the source."
Plagiarism has existed throughout history. Shakespeare, Coledridge, Martin Luther King Jr., Joe Biden and others have been convincingly acccused of plagiarism in their careers. In the digital world we live in today, the lines between plagiarism and legitimate research often become blurred and easily confused.
The easiest way to avoid plagiarism in a speech or research paper is to cite the source of your information. In Professor O'Brien's composition class you are required to use MLA Style, Version 7. The following rules will explain when to cite:
Direct Quotations: When you use another author's exact words, they must be quoted and cited.
Ex1: As Leonard stated , “Most of Hawthrones's works focused on New England and were influenced by his Puritan background” (1811).
Paraphrasing or Summarizing: Summarizing or putting another speaker's thoughts or ideas into your own words still must be cited, giving credit to the original source.
Ex.2: Harris contends that despite widespread conjecture, Poe's death remains a mystery (594).
Stating Statistics or Making Claims: Statistics should always be cited and making claims that could be challenged or questioned should be cited.
Ex. 3: Psychoanalytic literary criticism is clearly less relevant than Feminist literary criticism (Bishop 2009).