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INR 2002 (Mulholland): APA

A guide to assist students with research in Professor Mulholland's International Politics course at the Osceola Campus

Valencia APA Style Guide

Image says MLA APA Style Guides

Choose the appropriate link below to visit APA Style Guides designed by Valencia College librarians!

In the Catalog

Citation Machines

The following web sites will build citations for you, based on the information you enter. Make sure to select APA style. Please note that these sites may contain errors, so always check your work!

Using APA Style

American Psychological Association (APA) style is a writing format used in the social sciences, including the health sciences. It dictates the format of a paper's cover page, abstract, body and in-text citations, and references used. The APA Style Guide is currently in its 6th edition (2010), so always double-check your sources to ensure they are using the most current rules.

APA style requires you to use 12 pt. Times New Roman font on standard, letter-sized paper (8.5"x11"). Double space your paper and all references. Set the margins of the paper to 1 inch (this is the default or "normal" setting in Microsoft Word).

Book with One Author

LastName, FirstInitial. (Year of publication). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Book with Two or More Authors

LastName, F.I., & LastName, F.I. (Year of publication). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Book with Two or More Editors

LastName, F.I., & LastName, F.I. (Eds.). (Year of publication). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Book with No Authors

Title of book. (Year of publication). Place of Publication: Publisher.  

Online and Print Journal Article

LastName, F.I. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue), pages.

The same format applies for magazine and newspaper articles with a few exceptions. With magazines and newspapers, you will cite the date in (Year, Month Day). format. If there is no author, the publication date will go after the article title. Newspaper articles do not require an author.

Web Site

LastName, F.I. (Publication date). Title of web page. Retrieved from


If your citation carries down to a second line, make sure to indent the second line one tab.

NOTE: The titles of books and articles have unique capitalization rules. You will only capitalize the first word of the title, the first word after punctuation in the title, and proper nouns. For example, the book Nebraska Nursing: A Comprehensive Guide will be cited as Nebraska nursing: A comprehensive guide. While book and article titles follow these rules, the title of the actual journal will always be fully capitalized.  


APA Title Page

Example of an APA title page, including title, name, institution, and running head

Courtesy of OWL at Purdue University

Video Tutorials

APA Paper Set-up for Microsoft Word 2013

APA Formatting: Reference List Basics

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