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Criminal Justice Osceola: Citing Sources (APA)

Valencia APA Style Guide

Choose the appropriate link below to visit APA Style Guides designed by Valencia College librarians!

In the Catalog

Citation Machines

The following web sites will build citations for you, based on the information you enter. Make sure to select APA style. Please note that these sites may contain errors, so always check your work!

Using APA Style

American Psychological Association (APA) style is a writing format used in the social sciences, including Nursing. It dictates the format of a paper's cover page, abstract, body and in-text citations, and references used. The APA Style Guide is currently in its 6th edition (2010), so always double-check your sources to ensure they are using the most current rules.


Book with One Author

LastName, FirstInitial. (Year of publication). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Book with Two or More Authors

LastName, F.I., & LastName, F.I. (Year of publication). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Book with No Authors

Title of book. (Year of publication). Place of Publication: Publisher.  

Online and Print Journal Article

LastName, F.I. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue), pages.

The same format applies for magazine and newspaper articles with a few exceptions. With magazines and newspapers, you will cite the date in (Year, Month Day). format. If there is no author, the publication date will go after the article title. Newspaper articles do not require an author.

Web Site

LastName, F.I. (Publication date). Title of web page. Retrieved from


If your citation carries down to a second line, make sure to indent the second line one tab.

NOTE: The titles of books and articles have unique capitalization rules. You will only capitalize the first word of the title, the first word after punctuation in the title, and proper nouns. For example, the book Nebraska Nursing: A Comprehensive Guide will be cited as Nebraska nursing: A comprehensive guide. While book and article titles follow these rules, the title of the actual journal will always be fully capitalized.



APA Title Page

Example of an APA title page, including title, name, institution, and running head

Courtesy of OWL at Purdue University

Citing Legal Sources

Court Case (or Legal Decision)

Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Court Date).

Brown v. Board of Educ., 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

Blystone v. Pennsylvania, 494 U.S. (1990).

Wienhorst v. Stonebraker, 356 F. Supp. 1078 (E.D. Wis. 1988).

Statute or Law

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, 20 U.S.C. § 63001 (2002).

United States Constitution

U.S. Const. amend. XIX.

U.S. Const. amend. XVIII (repealed 1933).

The Valencia College libraries do not welcome solicitation of resources to be added to our LibGuides. This includes but is not limited to vendors, search engine optimizers, placement of ads, products, or any other requests. Our LibGuides are carefully curated resources developed in partnership with faculty, staff, and students to support specific assignments, courses, events, and other related purposes at Valencia College. The Valencia libraries reserve the right to ignore LibGuide resource solicitations, and/or block persistent requests from groups or individuals to add or promote links in our LibGuides.