Fracking is a broad topic. As you gather background information on your topic consider the 5Ws: What, Who, When, Where & Why.
What? Consider the issue and how you wll state it.
Who? Who are the stakeholders and who is impacted?
Where? Consider the geographical location. Local, national, international, or other?
When? Does your topic require only current research or do you need to provide historical information as well?
Why? Be able to describe why this issue is important
|Economic and employment boost in fracking areas||Contaminates ground water|
|Lower dependence on foreign fuel||Contributes to global warming|
|Lower natural gas prices||Causes earthquakes|
A background search on fracking will quickly turn up some of the information listed in the table above. Based on these points and the 5Ws, a research focus can be developed that draws from information found during background research. The following are just two of many possible approaches. Either of these could be made even more specific by focusing on perhaps just one state, such as Oklahoma for instance.