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Ethics & plagiarism: Types Of Plagiarism

This guide was originally created by Erich Heintzelman.

Plagiarism Resources & Tutorials

Three Main Types Of Plagiarism


Wholesale Copying (aka Ghost Writer, Intentional): This is the most flagrant form of plagiarism that involves copying whole passages or entire speeches and essays word-for-word and submitting it as one's own work.

Partial Copying (aka Cut & Paste, Intentional): This type of plagiarism involves using pieces from two or more sources and splicing them into a speech or document. 

Incorrect Paraphrase (Unintentional):  In this instance, words are changed or synonyms are used to replace some or all of the original text or speech, but no credit is given to the original author.

Plagiarism Examples

Original Text: Valencia produced more associate's degree graduates in 2003 than any other two-year school in the nation. Among the top 100 universities, colleges and community colleges, Valencia once again ranked 2nd in the number of associate's degrees conferred. In Florida alone, Valencia graduates more Hispanics and Asian Americans than any other two-year school in the state.

Wholesale Copying: Valencia produced more associate's degree graduates in 2003 than any other two-year school in the nation. Among the top 100 universities, colleges and community colleges, Valencia once again ranked 2nd in the number of associate's degrees conferred. In Florida alone, Valencia graduates more Hispanics and Asian Americans than any other two-year school in the state.

Partial Copying (Cut & Paste): Valencia produced more associate's degree graduates in 2003 than all other community colleges in the country. Within the top 100 universities, colleges and community colleges, Valencia was 2nd in the amount of associate's degrees awarded. Valencia graduates more Hispanics and Asian Americans than any other two-year school in the state.

Inappropriate Paraphrase: Valencia delivered a greater number of associate's degree graduates in 2003 than any other community colleges in the country. (Needs to cite the original text).

Subject Guide

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Jenna Settles
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