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HUM 1020 (Hoaglen) - Introduction to Humanities


Types of Sources

Types of Resources:

  • Primary - written by a person during that era/period (for example, Abraham Lincoln speech)

  • Secondary - written by a historian (for example, the information written in an eTextbook summarizing the culture, era, etc...)

Use In Text Citations When...

Quote a source directly by using “quotation marks” around a sentence or phrase (i.e., a piece of evidence).
¤This is used when you take something word for word and put it in your paper.
Paraphrasing is when you write about another writer’s ideas into your own words.
¤This is generally done when rewording a sentence or two.
Summarizing is when you explain the main points of a source in your own words. 
¤We tend to summarize large pieces of text, such as a page, chapter, or even an entire book.


What is plagiarism?

"The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work."

From The Random House Dictionary of the English Language, 2d ed.,

If you copy someone else's words into your paper and you do not give the original author appropriate credit for their work, you are plagiarizing. You are stealing the hard work of another person and passing it off as if it were your own effort.


Avoiding plagiarism

Research takes time and organization. Start your project early. Take detailed notes that you can refer back to when it is time to write your final paper. If you need help, you can always ask your professor, librarian or campus writing lab for assistance.



You can paraphrase a quote but you still must give credit where credit is due.  That means that even if you paraphrase, you must still cite the source in the text right after the paraphrase and add the correct style citation at the end of the paper.  (And…changing only a few words does NOT constitute paraphrasing.  You really do have to reword the quote and paraphrase in YOUR own words!)